On Aristotle's "Categories"

On Aristotle s Categories A key figure in the history of Aristotelianism Porphyry AD c was born in Tyre and was a student of Longinus in Athens and of Plotinus in Rome In his commentary on the Categories Porphyry p

  • Title: On Aristotle's "Categories"
  • Author: Porphyry Steven K. Strange
  • ISBN: 9780801428166
  • Page: 489
  • Format: Hardcover
  • A key figure in the history of Aristotelianism, Porphyry AD 232 3 c 305 was born in Tyre and was a student of Longinus in Athens and of Plotinus in Rome In his commentary on the Categories, Porphyry provided an authoritative interpretation of a notoriously controversial work Commentators on Aristotle had disagreed fundamentally over whether the Categories was a woA key figure in the history of Aristotelianism, Porphyry AD 232 3 c 305 was born in Tyre and was a student of Longinus in Athens and of Plotinus in Rome In his commentary on the Categories, Porphyry provided an authoritative interpretation of a notoriously controversial work Commentators on Aristotle had disagreed fundamentally over whether the Categories was a work of logic, concerning simple terms or the simple concepts they represent, or a metaphysical work addressing the classification by genera of simple entities or concepts Approaching the Categories as the first of Aristotle s works in logic, Porphyry adopted an earlier Peripatetic view of the Categories as being concerned principally with terms or linguistic items, which he calls predicates He successfully defended the Categories against Plotinus, arguing that while it seemed to attack orthodox Platonism by denying the separation of forms and the ontological priority of the universal, it was in fact entirely compatible with Platonism Because of Porphyry s intervention, the Categories came to serve as a basic textbook of logic for subsequent Neoplatonist teaching His commentary influenced the Arabic tradition, and Boethius drew heavily on it as well The full text of Porphyry s commentary was lost, but the extant version is available here in Steven K Strange s new translation Ancient philosophers, historians of philosophy, classicists, and medievalists will welcome its appearance in English.

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    2 thoughts on “On Aristotle's "Categories"

    1. Porphyry s parents were Phoenician, and he was born in Tyre His parents named him Malchus king but his teacher in Athens, Cassius Longinus, gave him the name Porphyrius clad in purple , possibly a reference to his Phoenician heritage, or a punning allusion to his name and the color of royal robes.Porphyry of Tyre Greek , Porphyrios, AD c 234 c 305 was a Neoplatonic philosopher who was born in Tyre He edited and published the Enneads, the only collection of the work of his teacher Plotinus He also wrote many works himself on a wide variety of topics His Isagoge, or Introduction, is an introduction to logic and philosophy,and in Latin translation it was the standard textbook on logic throughout the Middle Ages In addition, through several of his works, most notably Philosophy from Oracles and Against the Christians, he was involved in a controversy with a number of early Christians, and his commentary on Euclid s Elements was used as a source by Pappus of Alexandria.

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